In the field of Interior Design, colors play a very crucial role. Every Interior designer must have an adequate knowledge of Colours because that is one of the most important trait of a good designer. Colours are something that can make or break a good concept.
The terms like primary, complementary, warm, cool, hue and tint and shades are common when considering the use of colours in Interior Design.
PRIMARY COLOURS-BLUE, RED, YELLOW
Primary Colours are colours used in modern art, comic books and pop art. In Interior Design primary colours are often used together so that it can put a strong impact. These colours are straight forward and bold, and because of this reason it is used in small doses or in a more subtle way in colours like-light blue, pink, turquoise.
Complementary Colours are located opposite to each other in the colour wheel. In Interior Design this combination of colours enhance each other and always look good together. This colour scheme can be seen in our everyday life like the reds and greens of Christmas. These colours are vibrant and strong, and draws maximum attention. However, in Interior Design, the designers must keep in mind that this scheme does not always work well in large doses.
Colour Combinations- Orange + Blue, Purple + Yellow, Red + Green
Warm Colours are usually made with combinations of orange, red , yellow. These colours are associated with fire, heat. Warm colours are lively, vivid, energetic and catch your attention. In Interior Design, warm colours are often used to make large rooms look smaller and cosier.
Cool Colours are colours like blue, violet, green, gray etc. These colours give your eyes a soothing and calm effect. In Interior Design, cool colours are used to paint the walls of a small room to make them appear larger. If you think of an ice covered pond or a cool calm lake, it will remind you of cool colours.
Hues are a combination of two pure colours like red-yellow, yellow-green, orange-violet. They are without any tint or shade. Hues are also pure colours in terms of green, red or magenta. In Interior Design for colour hues, you choose one dark colour, one light colour and one bright colour. The colour that becomes the dominant hue depends on your personal choice.
TINTS AND SHADES
Tints are basically colours added with white which lightens it and shades are the mixture of colours with black that darkens it. Tints are usually soft, youthful and soothing and shades are mostly deep, powerful and mysterious. In tints, if you choose a colour red you mix and saturate it with white until it turns to pale pink. And opposite is the case with shades where the colour is being mixed with black to create a darker colour. In Interior Design, you can choose the colour of your choice for both tints and shades. However, you will have to keep in mind that the colours should be used in adequate amount without breaking the balance and harmony.
(Academy of Applied Arts)